British Aircraft Corporation
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BAC-111 Development


The BAC-111 was the outcome of a market survey undertaken by BAC in 1960 which determined a demand for short-haul jet transport.The survey results indicated that a capacity of at least 60 passenger and a range of 100 to 1000 miles was the optimum .Various design studies inherited from the companies which had been merged to form BAC were considered and rejected.The design eventually chosen did however owe at least some elements of it's final configuration to the Vickers VC.11 design.(this was a scaled down VC.10 with 4 rear mounted engines.

In march 1961 the company decided to proceed with the design,and on may 9th of that year,announced the intention to go ahead with manufacture.On the same day the first order(10 aircraft ) for British United was announced,with an order from Braniff being annouced some months later.

The prototype flew on 20th August 1963,but unfortunately crashed two months later.The second aircraft(first for BUA )flew in December of 1963,and deliveries to both BUA and Braniff started in April 1965.

200 Series

The 200 series was the initial variant.The aircraft used RR Spey 2Mk.506 engines of 10410 Lbs static thrust.Max take off weight was initially 73500 lbs,later increased to 78500 lbs,carrying up to 79 passengers.

300/400 Series

The 300 and 400 series were announced in May 1963 and were essentially both the same aircraft ,but for European(300srs) and American(400srs) markets.The new variants used RR Spey 25 Mk.511 engines giving a static thrust of 11400 lbs,allowing MTOW of92000lbs and up to 89 passengers.The first of this new uprated aircraft to fly was the BAC owned development aircraft G-ASYD on 13-7-65.

500 Series

The next variant was the 500 series which was developed in response to the need by B.E.A to aquire a new aircraft for short-haul(UK) and european routs.The 500 srs had an increased wing span,a stretched fuselage(13 ft 6 inches longer) and Spey 25 Mk.512 engines with a static thrust of 12000 lbs.MTOW was initially 99650lbs ,97 passengers.Further improvements with later aircraft including the use of Spey 25 Mk512DW engines (12550 lbs static thrust) allowed MTOW of up to 104500 lbs and 119 passengers.

475 Series

The 475 srs ,announced in January 1970 ,was basically a 400 srs with the areodynamic and powerplant improvements of the 500 srs.Use of low pressure tyres and gravel runway protection equipment allowed the aircraft to use unsealed runways without damage.This model , aimed at markets in the "third world" enjoyed limited success.

670 Series

Further improvements as the 670 srs were not proceeded with as sales dwindled and the only aircraft to carry this designation was BAC's development aircraft G-ASYD.

Listed below are the known series numbers.

	BAC-111 Model/Series numbers.				
200	BAC Prototype			432	Bahamas Airways
201	British United Airlines		475	BAC
202	Western Airways			476	Faucett SA
203	Braniff Airways			479	Air Pacific
204	Mohawk Airlines			481	Air Malawi
206	Bonanza Airlines		485	Oman Air Force
207	Central African Airways		487	Tarom
208	Aer Lingus			488	Monaffik Al Midani
211	Horten Flugbetrieb		492	BAC
212	Tenneco			        500	BAC Prototype
215	Aloha Airlines			501	BUA
217	Royal Australian Air Force	509	Caledonian Airways
301	Kuwait Airways			510	BEA
304	British Eagle			515	Germania/Paninternational
320	  Laker Airways			516	AVIATECA
				        517	Bahamas Airways
400	BAC Prototype			518	Court Line
401	American Airlines		520	Sadia/Transbrasil
402	Philippine Air Lines		521	Austral
407	TACA International		523	British Midland Airways
408	Channel Airways			524	BAC/Germanair
409	LACSA			        525	ROMBAC
413	Bavaria Flug			527	Philippine Air Lines
414	TAE/Bavaria Flug		528	Bavaria Flug
416	Autair International		529	Phoenix
417	unspecified			530	British Caledonian
419	Page aw/Englehard Industries	531	LACSA
420	Austral /ALA			537	Cyprus Airways
421	LANICA			        539	British Airways
422	VASP			        560	ROMBAC
423	Brazilian Air Force		561	ROMBAC
424	TAROM				

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